In December 1942, Nazi official Heinrich Himmler ordered the deportation of Roma and Sinti people living in Nazi Germany to Auschwitz concentration camp in Poland. Deportations commenced in February 1943, and continued until August 1944. It is estimated that between 250,000 and 500,000 Roma and Sinti people were murdered by the Nazis and collaborators during World War II. While research and memorialisation of the Romani Holocaust has increased in the past decade, global awareness of these atrocities is limited.
At this fascinating talk, visiting research fellow Sarah Grandke will examine the persecution of Romani people present in Germany before the war, and which persists in Europe to this day.
About the expert
Historian Sarah Grandke is the current visiting research fellow at the Sydney Jewish Museum. She has worked at several Concentration Camp Memorial sites in Germany, including Neuengamme, Dachau and Flossenbürg. She curated an exhibition at the Munich Documentation Center for the History of National Socialism, on the persecution of Sinti and Roma in Munich and Bavaria 1933-1945, which documented the Munich victims comprehensively for the first time.
Image: Roma family, Eduard Hugo (left) and Dina Sophie Fischer (right) with their children, before their deportation to Auschwitz-Birkenau in 1943. Image courtesy Tatjana and Nicole Schmidt.
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